During a breast lump removal, a worrisome lump or mass in the breast is taken out. It is then examined for signs of breast cancer.
The thought of finding a lump in the breast is frightening for most women. Anyone, male or female, young or old, can develop a breast lump, although they are more common in adult women because the breasts are larger. An individual who notices a new or changing lump in the breast, wall of the chest, or armpit should contact the healthcare professional.
It is not unusual to find breast lumps. Many men, women, and children have normal lumps and bumps that are not a problem. These can just be watched for changes if the individual and the healthcare professional agree that is the best approach. If the professional thinks the lump may not be normal further tests are usually ordered such as mammogram or ultrasound.
Some lumps are merely fluid-filled cysts. Even when they are solid, most lumps are not cancer.. A biopsy is done on many lumps in women over the age of 30. A biopsy is also generally done of breast lumps in those who have a family or personal history of breast cancer.
The procedure can be done several ways, depending on the type of lump.
If the lump is fluid-filled, a simple needle aspiration in the office is often all that is needed. The skin above the lump is cleansed and then numbed with a local anesthetic. The lump is pierced with a needle and the fluid is drawn off. Usually, this fluid is sent to a pathologist to examine for cancerous cells. In most cases the lump goes away in a few days after swelling caused by the procedure disappears.
If the lump is solid, it is usually removed completely in an operating room or an office equipped for minor surgery. The person having the procedure can choose one type of anesthetic or a combination. A local anesthetic can be injected to numb the area of the operation. A general anesthetic puts the person to sleep
While the person is still awake, the location of the lump is confirmed. Some surgeons mark the spot on the skin with a pen. Then general anesthesia is given or a local anesthetic is injected into the area. The skin above the lump is cleansed and the area is opened. The breast lump is separated from normal tissue and removed for the pathologist to examine. The incision is then closed with stitches or tapes. A dressing is put over the wound and the person is awakened.