This test determines if a person is lacking an intestinal enzyme called lactase.
This test may be ordered to help diagnose lactose intolerance.
The individual swallows 50 grams of a lactose solution. Blood samples are taken 30, 60, and 120 minutes after the lactose is swallowed.
A blood sample is taken from a vein on the forearm or hand. First, the skin over the vein is cleaned with an antiseptic.
Next, a strong rubber tube, or tourniquet, is wrapped around the upper arm. This enlarges the veins in the lower arm by restricting blood flow through them. A fine needle is gently inserted into a vein, and the tourniquet is removed. Blood flows from the vein through the needle, and is collected in a syringe or vial.
After the needle is withdrawn, the puncture site is covered with a bandage for a short time to prevent bleeding.
Specific instructions should be requested from the healthcare provider.
Normally, individuals are able to convert the lactose that they have swallowed into glucose in the blood. Persons who have little or no lactase will be unable to convert the lactose normally into glucose.
In people who are lactose intolerant, the rise in blood glucose will be no more than 20 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl), and symptoms of lactose intolerance will appear within 2 hours of lactose ingestion.