Condom - Male
Condom - Male
What is the information for this topic?
- human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus that causes AIDS
- hepatitis B,
- pelvic inflammatory disease (PID),
- pubic lice,
- scabies, or
- human papilloma virus, also known as HPV or genital warts. Some types of HPV increase a woman's risk of cervical cancer or precancerous changes of the cervix, called cervical dysplasia. Even so, correct and consistent condom use has been associated with a lower rate of cervical cancer, an HPV-associated disease.
So, consistent and correct condom use does not eliminate the risk of STIs and STDs. For example, the CDC reports that condoms can reduce the risk of contracting HIV by 85%, but only if correctly and consistently used. Unfortunately, this is less likely to be the case when teenagers or individuals who are high on drugs are involved.
- Latex condoms are the best type for disease prevention.
- Condoms should be stored in a cool dry place. They should be thrown away and not used if they have expired, the package looks damaged, or they have dried out. They should be handled carefully.
- Condoms with lubrication, spermicide, and a reservoir tip may provide more safety.
- Any added lubricant should be water-based and not have oil in it. Lubricants like petroleum jelly, shortening, or baby oil should not be used. Spermicidal creams, foams, and jellies can be used with condoms.
- A condom is placed on the man's erect penis before sexual intercourse. The condom should be removed from the package carefully to avoid damaging it. It is unrolled over the head of the penis until it won't unroll any further. No air should be trapped underneath the condom, but a small pocket of air should be left at the tip.
- After intercourse, the sheathed penis should be withdrawn while still erect. The condom should be held at the base of the penis during withdrawal.
- All condoms should be disposed of properly in the trash.
- Condoms must never be reused.
- If a condom breaks during intercourse, a new one should be put on. More spermicidal cream or jelly can be used. Additional measures to prevent contraception may be needed. This can include the morning-after pill.