- allergic contact dermatitis
- irritant contact dermatitis
What is going on in the body?
What are the causes and risks of the condition?
- fabric softeners
- nickel, which may be found in jewelry, zippers, buckles, hair ornaments, and other accessories
- plants, such as poison ivy, poison oak, or poison sumac
- rubber, such as in shoe linings or latex gloves
- hair dyes, especially permanent dyes containing paraphenylenediamine (PPD)
- dyes used in clothing, which may contain PPD
- certain local anesthesia medications, including benzocaine (i.e., Hurricaine, Anbesol, Orajel), which is chemically related to PPD
- neomycin (i.e., Myciguent), an antibiotic commonly found in over-the-counter antibiotic ointments (i.e., Neosporin)
- chromates, which are chemicals commonly found in cement, leather, paints, matches, and anti-rust products
What can be done to prevent the condition?
- Substitute vinyl gloves, if he or she has an allergic reaction to latex or other forms of rubber.
- Choose hypoallergenic perfumes, cosmetics, deodorants, and jewelry.
- Wear gloves, long pants, and long sleeves for protection from
poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac plants.
- Apply hypoallergenic lotion to skin often.
How is the condition diagnosed?
Long Term Effects
What are the long-term effects of the condition?
What are the risks to others?
What are the treatments for the condition?
- Avoiding and removing allergens.
- Applying Burow's solution or cool water compresses.
- Taking oral antihistamines such as diphenhydramine (i.e., Benadryl) to relieve itching.
- Using antibiotics as needed for infection.
- Applying over-the-counter or prescription corticosteroid creams, such as hydrocortisone (i.e., Hytone, Tucks Anti-itch Ointment) or betamethasone.
- Taking oral steroids such as prednisone (i.e., Sterapred).
- Avoiding hot water, which worsens the allergic reaction.
- Avoiding scratching the infected area to prevent its spread.
- Applying hypoallergenic lotion to the skin often.
What are the side effects of the treatments?
What happens after treatment for the condition?
How is the condition monitored?