- electrical shock
- high-voltage electric shock
What are the causes and risks of the injury?
- young children bite or chew on electrical appliances or cords
- young children poke an object, a finger, or other part of the body into an electrical outlet
- accidental contact with exposed parts of electric appliances or wiring
- electrical flashes from high-voltage power lines
- electric machines
What can be done to prevent the injury?
- using safety plugs in all outlets
- keeping electric cords out of the reach of children
- teaching children about the dangers of electricity
- making sure there are no electric lines in the way when working with ladders, poles, or other tall objects
- not using electric appliances while showering or wet
- never touching electric appliances while touching faucets or cold water pipes in the kitchen
- not working on electric appliances in the house without knowing how to do the wiring and remembering to turn off all of the electricity first
- using common sense and looking around carefully when working with electricity
How is the injury recognized?
What are the treatments for the injury?
- If possible, shut off the electric current by unplugging the cord, removing the appropriate fuse from the fuse box, or turning off the circuit breakers.
- Do not touch the person with bare hands while he or she is still in contact with the electrical source. If the current cannot be turned off, an object that does not conduct electricity can be used to push the source of the current away from the person or to push the person away from the source. A broom, chair, rug, or something rubber is a good choice. A wet object or a metal object would probably conduct electricity, causing the helper to get shocked.
- Try to move the person while standing on something dry that does not conduct electricity. Failing to follow these measures can injure the helper.
- Check for signs of circulation, such as normal breathing, coughing, or movement in response to stimulation.
- Contact the
emergency medical systemimmediately.
- Start cardiopulmonary resuscitation, or CPR, if the person stops breathing. Use 15 chest compressions for every 2 mouth-to-mouth rescue breaths.
- Stay with the person until medical help arrives.
- Avoid moving the victim's head or neck after laying him or her down. The neck and back should not be bent unless the rescuer is certain that there are no other major injuries.
What are the side effects of the treatments?
What happens after treatment for the injury?