- severe vomiting in pregnancy
What is going on in the body?
What are the causes and risks of the condition?
- There may be a link between high levels of estrogen or human chorionic gonadotropin, a hormone that helps the unborn baby to develop.
- There is a link between overactive thyroids, a lack of Vitamin B-6, also called pyridoxine, and psychological factors.
- A link between bacteria calledand HEG may exist.
- American Indian
- African natives
- Asian natives, other than Japan
- being pregnant for the first time
- being pregnant with twins, triplets, or more
- having HEG with a previous pregnancy
- being overweight
- trophoblastic disease of the womb
What can be done to prevent the condition?
How is the condition diagnosed?
blood calcium level
- serum electrolytes, which can show low
potassiumor sodiumlevels in blood. Low levels can mean dehydrationor acid-base imbalance.
- hematocrit, part of a
blood count, which may become high due to dehydration
- liver enzymes and
bilirubin urinalysisfor ketones and specific gravity. Ketones are a sign of starvation. Specific gravity can show dehydration.
- hydatidiform mole, which is an abnormal tumorous growth of the placenta
- viral gastroenteritis
flu food poisoning hepatitis A hepatitis B hepatitis C urinary tract infection appendicitis cholecystitis, which is an inflammation of the gallbladder
- serum for hepatitis testing
liver function tests
- ultrasound to look at gallbladder
urinalysisand cultureto test for bacteria
- ultrasound to look for twins or a tumorous growth of the placenta
Long Term Effects
What are the long-term effects of the condition?
What are the treatments for the condition?
- eating frequent small meals rather than three large ones
- eating when hungry, even if it is not mealtime
- avoiding foods that do not appeal to the pregnant woman
- avoiding foods high in fat and protein
- staying away from spicy foods
- eating more foods that have dry carbohydrates
- drinking more carbonated drinks
- drinking teas made from peppermint or ginger
- eating soothing foods such as soup, soda crackers, unbuttered toast, gelatin, or frozen desserts
- avoiding milk products, which may be hard to digest for some women
- stopping prenatal vitamins and
ironuntil nausea and vomiting go away
- drinking plenty of fluids to stay hydrated
- promethazine (i.e., Phenergan)
- hydroxyzine (i.e., Atarax, Vistaril)
- trimethobenzamide (i.e., Tigan)
- prochlorperazine (i.e., Compazine)
- diphenhydramine (i.e., Benadryl)
- dimenhydrinate (i.e., Dramamine)
- meclizine (i.e., Antivert)
What are the side effects of the treatments?
What happens after treatment for the condition?