Sports Safety For Summer
Sports Safety For Summer
What is the information for this topic?
- Slowly acclimate to summer heat by doing only 50% of a normal workout the first day. Each day afterward, add 10% onto the workout until it can be fully completed by the sixth day. This is especially advisable when hotter, more humid weather arrives quickly.
- Take steps to prevent
heat emergencies. This can be done by exercising during cooler periods of the day, seeking out shade, and drinking water often.
- Drink plenty of liquids to replace the fluids lost from sweating.
Dehydrationshould not be taken lightly. A mere 3% loss of body weight from dehydration has been shown to greatly reduce muscle endurance. As little as 4% can greatly reduce muscle strength.
- Choose sports drinks to help replace lost electrolytes to help prevent
salt imbalance. These drinks also help prevent hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar.
- Helmets are an important safeguard against head injuries and neck injuries. A helmet should be worn while riding a bike, motorcycle, or horse. A helmet should also be worn during any activity in which a person might fall at a high rate of speed. Helmets should not be tilted back. They should be placed high on the head to protect the frontal lobes of the brain.
- In addition to a helmet, skateboarders and skaters should wear protective pads on knees and elbows.
- Falling correctly should be practiced. It is safest to roll with a fall. A person should try to relax. Stiffening up just makes things worse. The arms should not be used to break a fall.
- Swimming pools should be surrounded by childproof barriers. There should be nonskid surfaces around the pool. A slip can cause a concussion or back injury.
- No one should swim alone or go deeper than his or her swimming ability allows. The depth of the water should always be checked. Before diving, a person should look for hidden obstacles.
- Powerboat accidents claim hundreds of lives each year. Injuries can result when a boat capsizes or when someone falls inside the boat. Waterskiing mishaps and boat collisions also are causes of injuries.
- When sailboating, a person should watch out for the heavy metal bar at the bottom of the sail known as the boom. Anyone in the way when the boom swings can suffer head and neck injuries or be knocked overboard.
- Before going out in a boat, a person should find out how capable and experienced the captain is.
- Life jackets should be worn in all boats.
- Symptoms of heat exhaustion include lightheadedness, dizziness, weakness, nausea, headache, irritability, and moist, clammy skin. A person who has any of these symptoms should move to a cool, shaded area and drink lots of water. A towel dipped in ice water can be used to cool the body further.
- Heatstroke is a medical emergency marked by flushed skin, no sweat, and a body temperature higher than 106 degrees Farenheit. Medical help should be sought immediately if a person has signs of heatstroke.
Sportswise : An Essential Guide for Young Athletes, Parents and Coaches, Lyle J. Mitcheli
The Complete Book of Running. James F.Fixx
Moms&Dads Kids&Sports, Pat McInally
Your Child in Sports. A Complete Guide. Lawrence Galton