What are the causes and risks of the injury?
- falls, particularly falls onto an outstretched arm
- motor vehicle accidents
- overstretching, such as during an exercise warm-up session
- running on an uneven surface
- sports injuries
- work-related injuries, such as
repetitive stress injuriesfrom overusing a joint or extremity
What can be done to prevent the injury?
- Build muscles through a regular conditioning program.
- Do daily stretching exercises.
- Wear shoes or boots that fit well and are appropriate for the planned activity.
- Eat a healthy diet, following the
food guide pyramid.
- Follow sports safety guidelines for
children, adolescents, and adults.
- Warm up before sports and planned exercise.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Establish an ergonomic workstation and use good body mechanics.
- Wear seat belts in all moving vehicles.
alcoholor drugs when driving, operating machinery, exercising, or playing sports.
How is the injury recognized?
What are the treatments for the injury?
- Rest means to restrict movement and weight-bearing in the injured area. A splint can be used if necessary.
- Ice refers to the application of an ice pack or cold compress to the affected area.
- Compression involves placing a bandage lightly around the injured area to decrease swelling. Immobilization means to avoid unnecessary activity of the affected area, particularly weight-bearing.
- Elevation means to keep the injured area above the heart if possible.
What are the side effects of the treatments?
What happens after treatment for the injury?