What are the causes and risks of the injury?
- motor vehicle accidents
- overstretching, such as during an exercise warm-up session
- running on an uneven surface
- sports injuries
- work-related injuries, such as lifting injuries and
repetitive stress injuries
What can be done to prevent the injury?
alcoholor drugs when driving, operating machinery, exercising, or playing sports
- building muscles through a regular conditioning program
- doing daily stretching exercises
- eating a healthy diet, following the
food guide pyramid
- establishing an ergonomic workstation and using good body mechanics
- following sports safety guidelines for
children, adolescents, and adults
- maintaining a healthy weight
- warming up before sports and planned exercise
- wearing seat belts in all moving vehicles
- wearing shoes or boots that fit well and are appropriate for the planned activity
How is the injury recognized?
What are the treatments for the injury?
- Rest means to restrict movement and weight-bearing in the injured area. A splint can be used if necessary.
- Ice refers to the application of an ice pack or cold compress to the affected area.
- Compression involves placing a bandage lightly around the injured area to decrease swelling. Immobilization means to avoid unnecessary movement of the affected area, particularly weight-bearing activity.
- Elevation means to keep the injured area raised above the heart if possible.
What are the side effects of the treatments?
What happens after treatment for the injury?