Vaginal Hysterectomy For Uterine Prolapse

Vaginal Hysterectomy For Uterine Prolapse

Definition

A vaginal hysterectomy may be done to correct a condition known as uterine prolapse. A uterine prolapse is a condition in which the uterus drops from its normal position at the top of the vagina.

Who is a candidate for the procedure?

Having several vaginal deliveries, being significantly overweight ,genetics and the thinning of the supportive tissues after menopause all contribute to uterine prolapse.
Symptoms a woman may notice include::
  • the feeling that something is falling out of the vagina
  • loss of urine with coughing or sneezing
  • constipation
  • low backache
If the bladder or rectum is protruding through a tear in a muscle or tissue, it can be fixed during the surgery. The ovaries and tubes may also be removed.

How is the procedure performed?

Before surgery, several things are usually done.
  • An anesthesiologist meets with the woman. He or she will discuss the anesthesia options and allergies to medicines.
  • An intravenous line, or IV, is placed in a vein, usually in the hand or arm. The IV can be used to replace fluids and give medicine or a blood transfusion.
  • Medicines, such as sedatives, are given.

In the operating room, the woman is given either local or general anesthesia. The skin around the vagina is cleaned with a soapy solution to remove any bacteria. The abdomen and vulvar area, which is the area between the legs, are sometimes shaved.

The surgery usually takes 60 to 90 minutes. At times, the ovaries and tubes may be removed. Other organs may be repaired or removed at this time if necessary.
During the surgery, a cut is then made in the upper part of the vagina to expose the tissue, such as blood vessels, that surrounds the uterus and cervix. These tissues must be cut and tied off before the uterus is removed. Sutures are placed in these deep structures. These will heal during the weeks following surgery and do not need to be removed. The uterus is removed from the top of the vagina, and the vagina is closed at the top.
The surgery usually takes 60 to 90 minutes. At times, the ovaries and tubes may be removed. Other organs may be repaired at this time if necessary.

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