Close
ConvaTec Aloe Vesta Antifungal Ointment

ConvaTec Aloe Vesta Antifungal Ointment

$8.95
Yacon Pure Extract

Yacon Pure Extract

$12.95
FreeStyle Lite Blood Glucose Meter

FreeStyle Lite Blood Glucose Meter

$26.95
ACCU-CHEK Active Test Strips

ACCU-CHEK Active Test Strips

$29.95

Yeast Infection Of The Skin And Mucous Membranes

Alternate Names

  • cutaneous candidiasis
  • Candidiasis of the skin

Definition

A yeast infection of the skin and mucous membranes is caused by

What is going on in the body?

A yeast called Candida albicans is a common and normal inhabitant of the mucosal tissues, such as those of the mouth rectum, and vagina. Sometimes the yeast can overgrow and produce an inflamed rash on skin surfaces such as the diaper area, genital region, under the breasts, or underarms. Candidiasis of the mouth is also called oral thrush.

Risks

What are the causes and risks of the infection?

Yeast infections are more common with:
  • use of oral antibiotics
  • use of steroid medications, such as prednisone
  • diabetes
  • obesity
  • malnutrition
  • excessive sweating
  • crowded or unsanitary living conditions
  • use of oral contraceptives
  • poor immune function, such as in people with HIV infection or receiving chemotherapy for cancer

Prevention

What can be done to prevent the infection?

Some yeast infections can be avoided by:
  • taking antibiotics only when prescribed
  • avoiding excessive sweets
  • keeping skin cool and dry
  • wearing cotton underwear
  • Taking showers instead of baths to avoid yeast washing up from rectum into the vagina
  • Avoid tight fitting clothing (especially synthetics like nylon, etc that do not allow air circulation and trap body heat and moisture)

Diagnosed

How is the infection diagnosed?

A healthcare professional may suspect a yeast infection from the distinctive rash, or the thick white pasty residue it generates. The diagnosis can be confirmed with a scraping of the skin or residue that shows the yeast organisms under the microscope.

Long Term Effects

What are the long-term effects of the infection?

Treatment is usually successful within 2 weeks, but the infection often comes back. If left untreated, yeast infections can cause sepsis, a life-threatening blood infection.

Other Risks

What are the risks to others?

Yeast infections are mildly contagious from person to person, and from place to place on the same person. A mother with a vaginal yeast infection can pass it on to her newborn during delivery.

Treatments

What are the treatments for the infection?

Yeast infections are treated with anti-yeast, anti-fungal creams. These include:
  • nystatin (i.e., Mycostatin, Nilstat) or miconazole (i.e., Monistat) cream for infections of the skin, vagina, and penis
  • suppositories (clotrimazole <i.e., Canesten, Gyne-Lotrimin, Mycelex>, tioconazole <i.e., Monistat-1, Vagistat-1>, butoconazole <i.e., Femstat, Gynazole-1>, miconazole <i.e., Monistat>)for vaginal or anal yeast infections
  • a liquid, suspension, pastille or lozenge for oral thrush
  • oral antifungal medications for recurrent vulvovaginal yeast infections (fluconazole <i.e., Diflucan>)
The skin should be kept dry. Plain talcum powder, or a powder that contains nystatin, can help keep the surface area dry. Corticosteroid ointments may be used to reduce the itching and pain.

Side Effects

What are the side effects of the treatments?

Side effects of ointments used to treat yeast infections may include a localized skin reaction.

After Treatment

What happens after treatment for the infection?

Treatment of yeast infections is usually successful within 1 to 2 weeks.

Monitor

How is the infection monitored?

Any new or worsening symptoms should be reported to the healthcare professional. A pregnant woman who has a vaginal yeast infection should be monitored in her third trimester, because it can be passed on to her infant during delivery.

Sources

Professional Guide to Diseases, Sixth Ed., Springhouse, 1998

The Merck Manual of Medical Information, 1997

Instructions for Patients, HW Griffith, 1994

Leverage our buying power & expertise. We serve GOV/EDU/MIL, employers, facilities & inventors.

  Account set up & astute solutions guidance.
  Free edu catalogs for your staff & community.

Engage in our innovative medical & health care, sales, education & marketing programs.

  Lead gen & education comms programs.
  Vendors/Investors: full-service solutions.

Get Discovery Digest e-news updates, discounts, and exclusive offers.

  
  EZ Publish our Discovery Digest free.