Baby Bottles Tooth Decay
Baby Bottles Tooth Decay
- baby bottle caries
- baby bottle mouth
What is going on in the body?
- an abscess, which is an infection and swelling of the tooth and gum
dental caries,also known as cavities, which are holes in the enamel that expose part of the tooth
- severe pain, when the decay reaches the pulp or nerve of the tooth
What are the causes and risks of the condition?
What can be done to prevent the condition?
- Never put a child to bed with a bottle of milk, formula, fruit juice, or sweetened liquid. If a child needs a bottle in bed, only water should be put in the bottle.
- Don't allow a child to walk around with a bottle in his or her mouth. The longer sweetened liquids sit in the mouth, the more likely baby bottle tooth decay is.
- Teach a child to drink from a cup as soon as possible. A cup can be given to a baby at age 6 to 12 months. Drinking from a cup avoids liquids pooling around the teeth and gums.
- Wipe a baby's gums with a washcloth after each feeding. Once baby teeth have erupted, brush the teeth and gums with a soft, child-sized toothbrush. Brush the teeth and gums after each feeding.
- Begin dental checkups when the baby is 6 to 12 months old.
- Ask a dentist about the need for fluoride.
- Floss the child's teeth as soon as all the baby teeth have erupted, usually when the child is 2 to 3 years old.
How is the condition diagnosed?
- the condition of the gums
- the current condition of the teeth
- the enamel
- the sensitivity of the teeth
- the structure of the inside and outside of the teeth
Long Term Effects
What are the long-term effects of the condition?
What are the risks to others?
What are the treatments for the condition?
- antibiotics for infection
- pulling a tooth or teeth in some cases
- teaching a caregiver how to provide tooth care
What are the side effects of the treatments?
allergic reactions to medicinesused while filling cavities or pulling teeth
- allergic reactions or stomach upset caused by antibiotics given for infection
- discomfort in areas where teeth or gums are treated
What happens after treatment for the condition?
How is the condition monitored?
Preventing Baby Bottle Tooth Decay, American Dental Association Online, 1998. [hyperLink url="http://www.ada.org/consumer/bottle.html" linkTitle="www.ada.org/consumer/bottle.html"]www.ada.org/consumer/bottle.html[/hyperLink]
Baby Bottle Tooth Decay -- How to Prevent It, American Academy of Pediatrics, 2000 [hyperLink url="http://www.aap.org/family/toothdec.htm" linkTitle="www.aap.org/family/toothdec.htm"]www.aap.org/family/toothdec.htm[/hyperLink]
Mayo Clinic Family Health Book, D Larson, 1996.