Breast Lumps And Cancer
Breast Lumps And Cancer
- breast masses and cancer
What is the information for this topic?
- breast abscess, a breast infection that often occurs in women who are nursing
- cysts, or fluid-filled sacs
- fat necrosis, a condition caused by trauma to the breast that can result in a breast lump
- fibroadenoma, a common benign breast tumor, or mass, that is usually round, rubbery in texture, and movable
- fibrocystic changes in the breast, which can cause both breasts to become lumpy and often painful
- milk duct abnormalities
Breast cancer risksThe risk for any woman to develop breast cancer is significant, about 1 in 9 over a lifetime. Because the female breast is much larger and more developed, women are about 100 times more likely to develop breast cancer than men.
- She has a personal history of breast cancer in the other breast.
- She has one or more close blood relatives, such as a mother or sister, who developed breast cancer before menopause.
- She has a history of certain changes in the breast tissue, including a condition known as atypical hyperplasia.
- beginning menstruation before age 12
- drinking 2 or more alcoholic beverages a day
- experiencing menopause after age 55
- having a first child after age 30, or not having children
- having denser breasts than usual
- receiving radiation therapy to the breast before age 30, especially for Hodgkin's lymphoma
- using diethylstilbestrol, or DES, during pregnancy
- using estrogen combined with progesterone, such as hormone replacement therapy for menopause
- using high-dose oral contraceptives for birth control
- being obese
- eating a diet high in fat
- drinking 2 to 3 alcoholic beverages a day
- working the night shift
- clinical breast exam by a healthcare professional
- If any suspicious mass or lump is found, a diagnostic mammogram is usually performed.
- This is sometimes accompanied by a breast ultrasound.
- If the ultrasound shows the mass is cystic, it is benign. Sometimes it may be drained with a needle.
- If the ultrasound shows the mass is solid or the mammogram suggests the possibility of cancer, a breast biopsy is done.
During a biopsy, a tissue sample is removed and checked for cancer by a pathologist.
If a biopsy is not done, the woman should have a repeat mammogram one to six months later. A decision will then be made on followup depending upon these results.
Miaskowski, Christine, Buchesel, Patricia, Oncology Nursing: Assessment and clinical care. Mosby, St Louis 1999 Pg. 412-415