- gas gangrene
What is going on in the body?
- dry gangrene, a condition in which the tissues dry and slough off because the blood vessels are no longer supplying blood to the area
- wet (also called "gas" gangrene), which is usually caused from a bacterial infection of a wound
What are the causes and risks of the infection?
- a blockage of blood to an organ or tissue
- surgery causing tissue damage
- trauma or injury, such as
frostbite, boils, crush injuries, and severe burns, that destroys tissues in the body
- infection of wounds, especially deep wounds
- certain diseases that affect circulation, including
atherosclerosis, diabetes, and Raynaud's disease
- blood clots, such as a
deep venous thrombosis
- a ruptured appendix caused by
- an intestinal
hernia smokingand drinking alcohol
What can be done to prevent the infection?
- following sports safety guidelines for
children, adolescents, and adults
- getting prompt treatment for deep wounds,
burns, crush injuries, or frostbite
- getting treatment for
diabetes, Raynaud's disease, and atherosclerosis avoiding cigarettesand alcohol
How is the infection diagnosed?
- x-rays to examine the tissues for gas bubbles
- blood tests and blood cultures
- tissues cultures or cultures of any drainage from the wound
Long Term Effects
What are the long-term effects of the infection?
- permanent death of the tissues in the area affected
amputationof the affected limb or removal of the affected organ sepsis, or blood poisoning shock
- death, especially with gangrene of the abdomen or the bowels, if gangrene goes untreated
What are the risks to others?
What are the treatments for the infection?
What are the side effects of the treatments?
What happens after treatment for the infection?
How is the infection monitored?
Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 1998, Fauci et al.
Complete Guide to Symptoms, Illness, and Surgery, H. Griffith, M.D., 2000
Professional Guide to Diseases, Brian Burlew, et al, 1995