What is going on in the body?
What are the causes and risks of the condition?
- constant, harsh
coughing vomiting constipationand straining during bowel movements
- sudden physical exertion
pregnancy obesity smoking
- tight clothing around the abdomen
- trauma, causing a hole or tear in the diaphragm
- congenital abnormality, or weakness of the esophageal hiatus present at birth
- medical procedures affecting the esophagus or diaphragm
What can be done to prevent the condition?
- staying at a healthy weight
- eating a high
- not straining during bowel movements
- using proper body mechanics, such as bending at the knees, during heavy lifting
- wearing a seatbelt correctly
- following sports safety guidelines for
children, adolescents, and adults
How is the condition diagnosed?
ultrasound, a test that uses sound waves to see the diaphragm and stomach endoscopy, a procedure that uses a long tube to look inside the esophagus
upper GI series. In this test a person swallows liquid barium, and x-rays are taken to follow the course of the barium through the esophagus and into the stomach.
Long Term Effects
What are the long-term effects of the condition?
What are the risks to others?
What are the treatments for the condition?
- sleep with the head of the bed raised several inches
- avoid citrus fruits, spicy foods,
alcohol, smoking, and caffeine(coffee, tea, chocolate)
- eat small, frequent meals
- maintain a healthy weight, or losing weight if
- avoid eating within 2 hours before bedtime
- avoid straining during bowel movements or heavy lifting
What are the side effects of the treatments?
What happens after treatment for the condition?
How is the condition monitored?
Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 1998, Fauci et al.
Complete Guide to Symptoms, Illness, and Surgery, H. Griffith, M.D., 2000