Sports Safety For Adolescents
Sports Safety For Adolescents
What is the information for this topic?
- protecting academic grades
- ensuring physical safety
- learning good sportsmanship
- maintaining good nutrition and health habits
- Learn to budget time. Investing a large amount of time in sports can put athletes at a disadvantage compared with their classmates who do not have that additional commitment. It is difficult to go home and study after long hours of exhausting practice. Learning to use free time wisely is very important.
- Avoid falling behind in schoolwork. Lack of time and energy make it difficult to cram or catch up when papers or exams are due, so it is important to keep up with studies on a daily basis.
- Apply the teamwork concept taught by sports. Friends, teachers, and tutors can be called on for help in achieving academic success
- The coach should make sure to give recognition to any amount of progress.
- The human body has enormous potential for adapting to change. It must be allowed time to adjust its functioning.
- It's important to avoid straining beyond the level that the body can handle.
- Recovery time must be scheduled. Vigorous activity uses up glycogen, a muscle fuel. Time is required for the body to produce more. Muscle cells also release potassium during sports. It may take up to 48 hours to replenish potassium.
- Easy workouts should be alternated with more difficult ones to allow for recovery.
- The goal is to train without overtraining. Teenagers can become so dedicated that they overtrain and push themselves too much. There is a limit to what even the best conditioned body can take.
- The warning signs of overtraining must be heeded. These include constant fatigue, persistent muscle or joint soreness, nervousness, depression, difficulty relaxing, headache, and loss of interest in training.
- Vital flexibility can be gained by stretching. With any vigorous activity, there may be some temporary muscle injury. As the muscle heals, it becomes shorter and tighter. This is a major cause of stiffness, soreness, and the tendency for pulls and strains. These problems can be reduced with stretching exercises.
- Warming up increases the blood supply to muscles. This raises their temperature and makes them more resistant to injury. Warming up also prepares the heart and lungs for exercise and tunes up the central nervous system.
- It is essential to cool down after a workout. If exercise is stopped suddenly, without a cool-down, the heart continues to pump extra blood. Blood then pools in the limbs, leading to faintness and cramps.
- In their eagerness to excel, some adolescents and their coaches use performance-enhancing substances. These include steroids, physical aids, drugs, and nutritional and dietary supplements. The facts about these substances, and the dangers of using them, should be made available to athletes, coaches, healthcare professionals, and parents.
- Many sports focus on teenagers keeping their weight down and controlled. Some sports, such as wrestling, gymnastics, and swimming, can take this to the extreme. Fasting or aggressive dieting, especially in active teenagers, can be very dangerous. Basic nutritional needs are neglected at the most critical growth periods of their lives. It makes no sense to risk health and possibly impair growth.
Sportswise: An Essential Guide for Young Athletes, Parents and Coaches, LJ Micheli, 1995.
The Complete Book of Running, JF Fixx, 1977.
Moms&Dads, Kids&Sports, P McInally, 1988.
Your Child in Sports: A Complete Guide, L Galton, 1980.