Electrotherapy encompasses a variety of products that use electrical stimulation for treatment of injuries and pain. Ranging from deep brain stimulators for neurological disease to EMS Muscle Stimulators and TENS Units, electrotherapy treatment is widely used by doctors, therapists, athletes, trainers, and coaches. Originally developed in 1855 by Guillaume Duchenne, who discovered that alternating current was much more effective than direct current for triggering therapeutic muscle contractions, electrotherapy has been widely researched by scientists around the world to fully explore the benefits of its use.
What is electrotherapy? Electrotherapy is the application of an electrical current to the body for medical purposes, such as recovery from injuries and pain management. Electrical Muscle Stimulation, or EMS, uses electrical impulse to cause muscles to contract. This type of electrotherapy is widely used to prevent muscle atrophy that can occur when a muscle has not been used for an extended period of time. Therapists and trainers also use electrical muscle stimulation to increase or maintain range of motion, relax muscles spasms, and for muscle re-education. Electrical muscle stimulation is also used for post-surgical stimulation of calf muscles to prevent venous thrombosis. Because the impulses that cause muscles to contract are used to build muscle, some devices such as the Slendertone Flex Ab Belt are available to target specific muscles in the abdomen to further tone and define them.
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation, or TENS, is a type of electrotherapy that uses electrical current applied to the skin for pain control. TENS electrotherapy is a non-invasive form of nerve stimulation designed to reduce both acute and chronic pain. Scientific studies show that both high and low frequency TENS therapy stimulate different types of nerves in the body, and essentially block the pain. TENS electrotherapy is used to alleviate pain due to nerve damage as well as knee pain, back pain, and bladder stone removal.
Electrotherapy treatment was originally used in doctor"s offices only when it was first applied for medical purposes, but due to high demand for EMS and TENS treatment, a variety of the machines are available for home use. TENS units and EMS Muscle Stimulators are available in a wide variety of styles with pre-defined treatment programs to guide the user. Before starting any electrotherapy treatment regimen, it is best to check with a doctor to determine if what type of electrotherapy is ideal for the specific problem, if any side effects may eliminate the possibility of using electrotherapy, and how to use it. Specific placement of the TENS and EMS electrodes is key for them to be effective and to not cause any harm.
Additional Electrotherapy Information
- Electrotherapy: What is the Difference Between EMS and TENS Stimulators?
- Relieve Back Pain with Electrotherapy and Other Treatments
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The Acclaim 10S Premium Electrodes with TYCO Gel are flexible and comfortable electrotherapy tools that provide superior conductivity so you can enjoy the pain relieving effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and electrical muscle stimulation (EMS).Learn More
The AccuRelief Dual Channel TENS is personal prescription-strength pain relief system that can be used for a wide variety of join aches and muscle pains. Dual channel functionality means that you can use two or four electrode pads at the same time. The lead wires insert into Channel 1 and 2 and each wire connects to two 2" x 2" electrodes. The intensity of each pair of electrodes can be adjusted independently and it is not necessary to have both channels running (you can use just one wire with two electrodes). Ideal for those suffering from arthritis, fibromyalgia, and muscle and joint pain, this TENS unit can be used at home, the office, or while traveling.Learn More
The AccuRelief Mini-TENS Pad Refill Supply Kit is specifically made for the AccuRelief Mini Tens to target your pain by interrupting the pain signal at the source. TENS stands for Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation. It works by administering tiny electrical impulses sent to the nerves through the skin to modify pain perception. Since the nerve pathways are blocked, pain signals are kept from reaching the brain. This stimulation causes an increase in blood circulation and endorphin production, which are both essential components of the healing process.Learn More
The AccuRelief Wireless Remote Control TENS offers pain relief at the touch of a button anywhere, anytime. The best feature about this innovative system is that there are no messy wires to deal with. This wireless compact electrical TENS unit delivers powerful pain relief just where you need it with the convenience of a remote control. Athletes suffering from muscle and joint pain, or anyone who has fibromyalgia and arthritis will benefit greatly from this lightweight and portable unit.Learn More
The AccuRelief TENS Single Channel unit is a personal and portable pain relief device that offers prescription-strength relief while at home, work, or traveling. TENS uses tiny electrical impulses sent through the skin to the nerves to modify pain perception through two 2" x 2" electrode pads. Perfect for those with muscle and joint pain, arthritis, and fibromyalgia, the six pre-set body programs are tailored for specific pain areas such as the neck, back, elbows, wrist, knees, and ankles.Learn More